Tag: JP Morgan Margin Call

Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements on The Way

Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements
Market News: Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements on the way | ISDA

Market News: Phase 6 margin call requirements are on the way.

Institutions under UMR who had not previously been affected by these specific margin requirements will be as of September 1st, 2022.

Uncleared Margin Rules (or UMR) were created to address the OTC derivatives market–and its participants– in the wake of the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008-2009.

It implemented new margin requirements for non-centrally cleared derivatives to avoid further systemic risk.

For this reason, they were ‘phased in’, or broken down by phases.

Institutions affected by phase 6 margin call requirements could find themselves in a sticky situation and I’m going to discuss why down below.

Let’s get started!

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Preparing for margin calls

The requirement to exchange initial margin for over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives is one of the last remaining pillars of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank) that remains to be fully implemented.

The five-year implementation period began in 2016.

UMR Phases - Phase 6 Margin Requirements
UMR Phases – Phase 6 margin requirements

The chart above depicts the number of counterparties affected throughout each phase.

Phase 5 occurred in September of 2021 where 319 counterparties were affected.

We will be entering Phase 6 in September of 2022, where 775/990 counterparties with more than the $8 billion scope detailed on the graph, or gross amount across all uncleared OTC trades, will be affected.

Phase 5 of UMR touched a mix of sellside and buyside firms, especially medium-sized banks and larger buyside firms.

However, Phase 6 is almost exclusively buyside-focused meaning we could potentially see a massive market rebound, per Bloomberg.

Institutions affected by Phase 6 margin call requirements may include asset managers, banks, hedge funds, and private family offices.

The entire process is extremely challenging according to Bloomberg.

But while it may seem complex in nature, it’s the results that truly matter.

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How long will it take for margin calls to happen?

Although Phase 6 margin call requirements are going into effect on September 1st, 2022, it’s important to note that this is going to take some time.

The derivatives market is massive, now boasting approximately 1 quadrillion derivatives as of May 2022, per Investopedia.

The Senior Principal at BNY Mellon has said in the past that even after Phase 6 there will be margin calls that will still have to be processed.

That’s how massive this event will be.

Phase 6 margin call requirements will begin to margin a variety of sized banks, hedge funds, market makers, and family offices.

The bottom line, the markets need this reset, and its coming.

For a much greater and in-depth walkthrough of what this event means, check out AMCBIGGUM’s video below.

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Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements meaning

Are Hedge Funds About To Get Margin Called by JP Morgan?

JP Morgan Margin Call AMC
JP Morgan Margin Call

According to RISK.net JP Morgan warns hedge funds of intraday margin calls. This sounds very similar to proposal 002. The U.S bank may demand margins up to “7 times per day” according to sources.

The tough love comes from the fear of losing money and covering hedge fund positions like global banks did with Archegos Capital earlier this year. It seems like they’ve started to notice a pattern here.

As always, I’ll give you my take on what this means for us retail investors and how it plays into AMC’s short squeeze news.

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Ladies and gentlemen banks have had enough. They’re tired of getting screwed over by hedge funds overleveraging their short positions. When hedge funds cannot cover the entire hit, brokers have to cover the rest.

JP Morgan is trying to prevent from becoming like one of the affected brokers that suffered significant losses due to Archegos shorting Viacom and Discovery earlier this year.

Although the SEC might be oblivious to what’s going on, this bank sure isn’t. And if you remember, Charles Schwab has also raised margin requirements for short sellers shorting both AMC and GME stock.

Archegos meltdown resulted in billion dollar losses for global banks

Archegos JP Morgan

Banks to massive losses due to Archegos Capital overleveraging their positions in highly shorted stock such as Viacom and Discovery.

Wells Fargo was one of the banks that did not suffer any losses. β€œWe had a prime brokerage relationship with Archegos,” the bank said. β€œWe were well collateralized at all times over the last week and no longer have any exposure.”

According the Reuters, Morgan Stanley lost nearly $1 billion dollars from the collapse of Archegos. Other banks hit were Credit Suisse Group and Nomura Holdings which were affected the most.

Global banks were expected to lose between $5-$10 billion dollars according JP Morgan. And now it seems JP Morgan is taking the precautions necessary to avoid enormous losses too. By issuing intraday margins, they make sure short sellers have enough cash at hand as collateral. This could possibly be the catalyst for what we’ve been waiting for.

If margin accounts cannot keep up with the daily demand for new cash in its accounts, JP Morgan may instantaneously close out overleveraged positions. This will cause AMC stock to soar.

Hedge funds and family offices are affected

Archegos was technically a family office managing billions in assets, not a hedge fund. Well now JP Morgan is demanding both hedge funds and family offices post more cash during the day if their trades loses value.

The news was provided to Risk.net by three people who are familiar with the matter. No further information aside from these intraday margin requirements were relayed by the publication.

If JP Morgan sees too much risk within some accounts, and they will, they have the power to liquidate margin accounts short selling both AMC and GME stock. The results would drive these stocks high enough to force all shorts out of their positions.

Managing margin call news expectations

It’s important for the community to take into consideration that most news regarding margin calls have merely been neutral, so far.

If this JP Morgan margin call news plays in our favor then excellent! We could very well begin seeing some short covering. But if it doesn’t, another catalyst will end up squeezing shorts out of their positions. This may be a new wave of volume or other brokers who do not want to risk their investments through these overleveraged hedge funds.

However, positive news like this should feed your conviction. When you’re in need of strength, borrow mine.

I personally believe were getting closer to this chapter coming to an end as hedge funds continue to face serious scrutiny. Think about this for a second, the cards are against them.

Retail investors, banks, whales, and the public are all against them. I’m interested to know your thoughts, leave me a comment below. Are you ready for this short squeeze? And when do you personally think this will liftoff?


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