Tag: Ken Griffin (Page 2 of 8)

Citadel Has a Long History of Market Manipulation

Citadel Market Manipulation
Market News: Citadel and friends are entering the crypto space | Ken Griffin.

Ken Griffin and friends are entering the crypto world very soon — investors are concerned as Citadel has a history of several violations and fines.

EDX Markets plans to bring ‘traditional finance’ to the crypto space, a not so ‘traditional’ space to begin with.

The exchange made up of Citadel, Sequoia, Paradigm, Virtu, Charles Schwab, and Fidelity is debuting in November.

EDX Markets will start trading a limited number of spot, crypto tokens starting with a November trial period, with the official launch in January, per Bloomberg.

Similar to trading equities and options, EDX will allow investors to buy and sell digital assets through their existing broker dealer, rather than an outside venue or directly through a crypto-native exchange. 

“We’re taking some of the best features of traditional finance and bringing it to the digital markets to make it more efficient, and bring that cost saving to investors,” Nazarali said.

Nazarali is the former global head of business development at Citadel Securities.

But as many are aware, these financial institutions have a long history of playing unfair.

Will these sharks taint the crypto space too?

Let’s look at Citadel’s market manipulation history as well as other Citadel violations and fines in the past.

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Citadel Market Manipulation

Citadel Fines and market manipulation.
Citadel violation and fines – market manipulation.

2015

In 2015, an account operated in China by the brokerage arm of US hedge fund Citadel was suspended.

It was the latest casualty of regulators’ hunt for market manipulators and short sellers at the time.

The China Securities Regulatory Commission said that the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges had suspended 24 accounts as part of a probe into high-frequency trading.

The investigation focused on a practice known as “spoofing” in which an investor submits a buy or sell order but then withdraws it before a sale is completed — a practice that can mislead investors by creating the false impression that a stock is trading at a particular price.

Citadel confirmed that one of its accounts managed by Guosen Futures was among those suspended.

2017

SEC Citadel

In 2017 Citadel was fined by the SEC $22.6 million to settle charges of misleading conduct.

The hedge fund misled customers about the way it priced trades.

The SEC found that between 2007 and 2010, Citadel used two algorithms to execute stock trades on customers’ behalf that gave investors a worse price for their trades, even when Citadel knew better prices existed elsewhere.

“This affected millions of retail orders,” said Stephanie Avakian, the acting director of enforcement at the SEC at the time.

Citadel neither admitted nor denied the findings.

2021

Citadel violations and fines.
Citadel violations and fines – market manipulation.

In 2021, Failure-to-Delivers (FTDs) rose dramatically in the period leading up to January 28th, 2021, a phenomenon consistent with increasing short interest by market makers such as Citadel Securities.

FTDs are indictive of naked short selling, which occurs when a short seller does not actually possess the security it is supposed to borrow.

This practice is largely inaccessible to individual investors but accessible to market makers.

At the time, Citadel, Robinhood, and others restricted retail investors from buying ‘meme stocks’ in order to prevent escalating institutional losses.

Citadel eventually lost billions after betting against AMC Entertainment in 2021.

But the entire system needs a refresh – The DTCC waived a total of $9.7 billion of collateral deposit requirements on January 28, 2021, saving brokers, and screwing up retail investors.

2022

The Chicago Tribune published a piece explaining exactly what retail investors have been warning the SEC about.

Citadel Securities’ dark pool dominates a big part of the financial world, accounting for as much as half of U.S. stock market activity.

The Chicago Tribune says this prominent dark pool is run by Chicago Billionaire Ken Griffin’s Citadel Securities and has been targeting small scale retail investors.

And they’re not wrong.

Dark pools are typically involved in payment for order flow (PFOF), where they pay broker firms to receive retail order flow.

Brokers such as Robinhood and TD Ameritrade accept payment for order flow.

But retail investors have been bringing these nefarious practices in the market to light.

Related: Biotech Company Suing Citadel Over Market Manipulation

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Citadel, Charles Schwab Team Up to Destroy SEC Proposals

Citadel, Charles Schwab Team Up to Fight SEC Proposals
Market News Daily: Wall Street Pushes Back Against SEC Stock Market Reforms 2023.

(Reuters) The New York Stock Exchange teamed up with retail broker Charles Schwab Corp and market maker Citadel Securities on Monday to ask the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to withdraw two recently proposed rules aimed at revamping how stocks trade.

The move represents a coordinated industry push back against what are potentially the most impactful proposals in the SEC’s biggest attempt to reform stock market rules in nearly 20 years.

“We are deeply concerned that the Commission has simultaneously issued multiple far-reaching proposals that would dramatically overhaul current market structure without adequately assessing the cumulative impact on the market or the potential for unintended consequences,” the companies said in an SEC comment letter.

The SEC in December proposed requiring nearly all retail stock orders to be sent to auctions, as well as a new standard for brokers to show they get the best possible executions for their clients’ orders.

The SEC also proposed lower trading increments and access fees on exchanges, and more robust retail order execution disclosures.

And now Citadel, Charles Schwab, and the New York Stock Exchange are fighting against these proposals that will help level the playing field for retail investors.

Payment for order flow has annihilated competition and reserved market maker Citadel Securities the right to buy retail orders from brokers such as Robinhood and TD Ameritrade.

During an interview with SEC Chairman Gary Gensler, the Chairman tells ‘We The Investors‘ that he believes the SEC should have the ‘Best Execution Rule‘, not the self-regulatory organization, FINRA.

Citadel Said in 2004 PFOF Should Be Banned

New York Stock Exchange News | Citadel SEC News Today.
New York Stock Exchange News | Citadel SEC News Today.

Citadel pushed back on the possibility of a payment for order flow (PFOF) ban in June of 2022.

But Citadel said in 2004 that payment for order flow creates conflicts of interest and should be banned, according to an SEC file.

Gary Gensler said there may be a conflict of interest for brokers and that too much power is concentrated in a handful of market makers.

The SEC Chairman plans to reroute retail investors into an automated system that would provide a deep pool of liquidity.

The aim of the proposed rules is to improve market quality and efficiency, by boosting competition for retail stock orders and reducing unnecessary intermediation, SEC Chair Gary Gensler has said.

However, the NYSE, along with Schwab and Citadel Securities, asked the SEC to indefinitely withdraw the auction and best execution proposals, saying they could lead to less market liquidity and create confusing regulatory overlap.

“We believe that this more targeted approach will result in significant benefits for U.S. equity market participants, while meaningfully reducing the risk of negative outcomes for markets and investors, including the risk of firms retreating from being liquidity providers – which would be particularly detrimental to retail investors,” they said.

Related: Global Head of Operations at Citadel Has a Board Seat at DTCC

Market News Published Daily

Market News Today - Citadel News Today.
Market News Today – Wall Street Pushes Back Against SEC Stock Market Reforms | Citadel against SEC Proposals 2023.

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Ken Griffin Thanks Redditors for ‘Meme Stocks’

Ken Griffin Thanks Redditors for 'Meme Stocks'

“Redditors, thank you so much for helping create the best pipeline we’ve ever had”, said Ken Griffin on Business Insider.

Ken Griffin, on how the GameStop frenzy helped raise Citadel’s profile with potential hires.

Business Insider says the SEC found no truth to any of the conspiracy theories but how can the SEC really go against one of the most powerful hedge funds in the world?

Transcripts showed Citadel and Robinhood did in fact have “blunt negotiations” the night prior to the halts.

A Miami district court judge admitted the Citadel and Robinhood transcripts were suspicious.

However, the federal court has dismissed the case due to a ‘lack of evidence’.

Research shows Judge Cecilia Altonaga had a close connection to the defendant’s law firm, insinuating a conflict of interest in the case.

Ken Griffin on Meme Stock Rally

The GameStop affair, in an odd twist, actually helped boost Citadel’s clout with potential recruits, Griffin said.

“For a lot of people this was a wake-up call that this firm Citadel is actually one of the most important players in the world’s financial markets,” he told Business Insider.

“Redditors, thank you so much for helping create the best pipeline we’ve ever had.”

“We’ve lost sight of the opportunities people can enjoy in America in recent years,” Griffin said.

To help counteract that, Griffin said he plans to give away the vast majority of his fortune during his lifetime.

“I’m going to give my money away in a way that I think has a real impact for our country,” he said. “I hope that the gifts I make will have an impact on America and the world for many years to come.”

Source(s): Business Insider.

Retail Investors Weigh In

Ken Griffin has made his money off the backs of retail investors who are simply looking to start building wealth through their favorite company stocks.

Retail investors say Ken Griffin’s Citadel takes advantage of its payment for order flow (PFOF) and use of off-exchange trading.

Backdoors in the financial system allow institutions to essentially control the game even when the ball is in retail’s court.

Chairman Gensler has even admitted to dark pools having a strong suppression on a securities share price which goes to show how much power these institutions really have in the game.

Were Ken Griffin’s comments about ‘meme stocks’ and redditors arrogant?

Leave your thoughts below.

Market News Published Daily

Market News: Ken Griffin on 'meme stocks' and redditors.
Market News: Ken Griffin on ‘meme stocks’ and redditors.

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Citadel High Frequency Trading: Fined by Korea’s Regulators

Citadel High Frequency Trading: Fined $9 Million by Korea's Financial Regulators
Market News: Citadel Securities is fined $9 million by South Korea’s financial regulators.

(Reuters) South Korea’s financial regulator has imposed a fine of 11.88 billion won ($9.66 million) on U.S.-based Citadel Securities, saying it disturbed the local stock market with high-frequency algorithm trading.

The Financial Services Commission (FSC) said in a statement released on Thursday the firm had distorted stock prices with artificial factors, such as orders on the condition of “immediate or cancel” and by filling gaps in bid prices.

The firm carried out such trading on an average of 1,422 stocks per day from Oct. 2017 to May 2018, totaling more than 500 billion won worth of trades, according to the statement.

The Commission said it was the first time it had imposed fines on such high-frequency trading on the South Korean stock market, which has a high proportion of retail investors and little competition among algorithmic traders.

It added the firm did not provide algorithm source codes in the consultation process.

The regulator declined to identify the brokerage in violation but Citadel Securities confirmed it had been awaiting a decision, although it had yet to hear directly from the Commission.

“Citadel Securities works diligently to follow all applicable laws, regulations, and rules in jurisdictions in which we trade,” it said in a statement. “We strongly believe our trading complied with both Korean laws and global norms. We disagree with the FSC’s decision relating to our trading activity more than five years ago and will be seeking to appeal the decision.”

Citadel Securities was surprised and concerned to see that the regulator’s findings include references to a number of hearings the firm itself was not invited to participate in and supposed expert evidence that was never shared with the company and that it never had an opportunity to respond to, a source familiar with the situation said.

Citadel High Frequency Trading

CNN: Citadel high frequency trading in action – live.

High frequency trading takes advantage of investors and of the market itself.

One of the biggest manipulations in the market conducted by high frequency trading is spoofing.

Spoofing is a disruptive algorithmic trading practice that involves placing bids to buy or offers to sell futures contracts and canceling the bids or offers prior to the deal’s execution.

In December, Northwest Biotherapeutics sued Citadel Securities for spoofing their company stock.

The company is accused Citadel Securities LLC, Susquehanna, Virtu, and other Wall Street firms of driving its stock price down through the use of various illicit trading activities.

But this isn’t Citadel Securities first rodeo.

The hedge fund is under intense scrutiny from retail investors who say the company has too much power, allowing it to take advantage of retail trades through its payment for order flow and other manipulative tactics.

In 2015, an account operated in China by the brokerage arm of US hedge fund Citadel was suspended.

It was the latest casualty of regulators’ hunt for market manipulators and short sellers at the time.

The China Securities Regulatory Commission said that the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges had suspended 24 accounts as part of a probe into high-frequency trading.

But Citadel has a long history of market manipulation.

This was only an earlier incident where Citadel and high frequency trading have been an issue in the past.

Market News Published Daily

Market News Today: Citadel Securities gets fined $9 million by Korea's financial regulators.
Market News Today: Citadel Securities gets fined $9 million by Korea’s financial regulators.

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DOJ Attempts to Weed Out Crime with 75% Reduction in Fines

Market News: DOJ Offers 75% Reduction in Fines to Companies that Admit Crime.
Market News: DOJ Offers 75% Reduction in Fines to Companies that Admit Crime.

[Bloomberg] The Justice Department will recommend as much as a 75% reduction in fines for companies that voluntarily report wrongdoing to the government and fully cooperate with investigations.

Even companies that don’t voluntarily disclose wrongdoing but still fully cooperate with investigations could still get a 50% reduction off the low end of the guidelines for fines, the head of the department’s criminal division said Tuesday.

“The policy is sending an undeniable message: come forward, cooperate, and remediate,” Assistant Attorney General Kenneth Polite said in a speech at Georgetown University Law Center.

Polite made it clear that cooperators seeking declination will be held to a higher standard than your average or even gold-standard cooperator — the cooperation must be “truly extraordinary.” 

The Justice Department will distinguish extraordinary cooperation by assessing the immediacy, consistency, degree, and impact of the cooperation.

Prosecutors will expect companies to cooperate immediately, consistently tell the truth, and hand over evidence that the DOJ otherwise would not be likely to obtain, such as quick access to electronic device images, audio/video recordings, trial testimony, and other kinds of cooperation that “produces results.”

The policy also covers corporations conducting business internationally, as the changes will apply to all corporate matters handled by the Criminal Division, including all Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) cases nationwide.

Notably, the new policy is the third in a trilogy of Department of Justice memoranda addressing the prosecution of corporate misconduct and setting forth revised policies concerning the effect of cooperation by companies that have engaged in wrongdoing.

Years of Ongoing Investigations

The new policy was announced to further Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco’s October 2021 memorandum directing the creation of a Corporate Crime Advisory Group within the Department to recommend guidance concerning, in part, the nature of a company’s dealings with the government required to receive cooperation credit in resolving company misconduct, and to consider revisions and reforms to the Department’s approach to corporate crime prosecution.

The new policy also follows less than five months after the issuance of a memorandum further clarifying the Department of Justice’s policy against seeking a guilty plea where a corporation has voluntarily self-disclosed, fully cooperated, and timely and properly remediated the conduct at issue in the absence of aggravating factors and directing all department components, including the 93 U.S. Attorney’s Offices across the country, to review its policies on corporate voluntary self-disclosure and ensure it has a publicly available written policy.

At the same time, the September 2022 memorandum emphasized DOJ’s commitment to “strong corporate criminal enforcement.”

Polite likely had these pronouncements in mind as he concluded his speech. He entreated corporations to “come forward, cooperate, and remediate,” and to join the Department of Justice as allies in the fight against crime.12 But he also warned: “Failing to take these steps, a company runs the risk of increasing its criminal exposure and monetary penalties.”

Related Article: Citadel Under Investigation by DOJ

Source(s): Bloomberg.

Market News Published Daily

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Franknez.com is the media blog that keeps retail investors informed.

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