Tag: Citibank

Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements on The Way

Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements
Market News: Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements on the way | ISDA

Market News: Phase 6 margin call requirements are on the way.

Institutions under UMR who had not previously been affected by these specific margin requirements will be as of September 1st, 2022.

Uncleared Margin Rules (or UMR) were created to address the OTC derivatives market–and its participants– in the wake of the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008-2009.

It implemented new margin requirements for non-centrally cleared derivatives to avoid further systemic risk.

For this reason, they were ‘phased in’, or broken down by phases.

Institutions affected by phase 6 margin call requirements could find themselves in a sticky situation and I’m going to discuss why down below.

Let’s get started!

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Preparing for margin calls

The requirement to exchange initial margin for over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives is one of the last remaining pillars of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank) that remains to be fully implemented.

The five-year implementation period began in 2016.

UMR Phases - Phase 6 Margin Requirements
UMR Phases – Phase 6 margin requirements

The chart above depicts the number of counterparties affected throughout each phase.

Phase 5 occurred in September of 2021 where 319 counterparties were affected.

We will be entering Phase 6 in September of 2022, where 775/990 counterparties with more than the $8 billion scope detailed on the graph, or gross amount across all uncleared OTC trades, will be affected.

Phase 5 of UMR touched a mix of sellside and buyside firms, especially medium-sized banks and larger buyside firms.

However, Phase 6 is almost exclusively buyside-focused meaning we could potentially see a massive market rebound, per Bloomberg.

Institutions affected by Phase 6 margin call requirements may include asset managers, banks, hedge funds, and private family offices.

The entire process is extremely challenging according to Bloomberg.

But while it may seem complex in nature, it’s the results that truly matter.

How long will it take for margin calls to happen?

Although Phase 6 margin call requirements are going into effect on September 1st, 2022, it’s important to note that this is going to take some time.

The derivatives market is massive, now boasting approximately 1 quadrillion derivatives as of May 2022, per Investopedia.

The Senior Principal at BNY Mellon has said in the past that even after Phase 6 there will be margin calls that will still have to be processed.

That’s how massive this event will be.

Phase 6 margin call requirements will begin to margin a variety of sized banks, hedge funds, market makers, and family offices.

The bottom line, the markets need this reset, and its coming.

For a much greater and in-depth walkthrough of what this event means, check out AMCBIGGUM’s video below.

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Phase 6 Margin Call Requirements meaning

Former Citi Executives Have Now Formed a Crypto Hedge Fund

Citi executives crypto hedge fund
Former Citibank executives form crypto hedge fund, Motus Capital Management

A trio of former Citigroup executives who left the bank in March have formed Motus Capital Management, a crypto hedge fund.

The firm says it wants to make it easier for high-net worth individuals to bet on cryptocurrencies.

Alex Kriete, Greg Girasole and Frank Cavallo are seeking to raise $100 million for a pair of actively managed hedge funds that will focus on digital assets, the three said via Bloomberg.

Kriete says clients are having difficulty identifying what’s “scammy” vs “real investment opportunities.”

I know retail investors are going to have a lot of opinions on this.

Let’s break it down some more.

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Who are the crypto hedge fund trio?

Citi executives start crypto hedge fund
Former Citi executives start crypto hedge fund

Kriete and Girasole left Citigroup less than a year after being picked to oversee a new digital-assets group inside the Wall Street giant’s wealth-management division.

Before that, Kriete managed $3 billion and Girasole $5 billion for Citigroup private-bank clients.

Cavallo was most recently an investment counselor at Citigroup, where he oversaw $8 billion of assets and held roles inside the firm’s cross-asset sales and trading division according to Bloomberg.

All three are investing their wealth in Motus Capital Management.

This is one of the first crypto hedge funds to emerge in the crypto space.

And where there’s a hedge fund, we already know there are bets towards the downside.

Motus Capital Management to offer growth and income funds

Motus Capital Management
Motus Capital Management

The crypto hedge fund says it plans to offer clients growth and income funds.

The growth fund will focus on investing in tokens with smaller market capitalizations that larger funds find it harder to invest in, Cavallo said. 

“We think we hit the sweet spot,” he said. “With assets like Bitcoin and ETH, clients can do that on their own. They don’t need to pay someone to buy Bitcoin.”

Crypto hedge funds are relatively new and only have about $3.8 billion in assets under management globally according to a report by PwC.

Less than half of all crypto hedge funds have assets under management of more than $20 million, PwC found.

I expect this side of the industry to exponentially grow this decade.

Citadel’s Ken Griffin said he would provide crypto opportunities to his clients if the asset class became strictly regulated.

Crypto is taking over the new world as businesses such as AMC Entertainment and Tesla transition towards accepting cryptocurrency as a form of payment.

Do you think hedge funds should enter the crypto space?

Former Citi executives start crypto hedge fund

Who’s to say the SEC won’t begin to establish regulations to attribute to hedge funds over retail investors?

Similar to the stock market.

Investors are going to want to keep a close eye on the development of such regulations and ensure the crypto market’s integrity doesn’t get broken.

The crypto market, though a highly speculative market, has been accurately based on supply and demand unlike the stock market where many institutions have blatant power over retail investors.

Let me know in the comment section below if you’d like me to cover topics regarding crypto regulation.

And if you do, also be sure to join the newsletter to get email notifications and updates on new articles.

Read: How to invest in cryptocurrency for beginners

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